- First and foremost, the Cabinet has approved reforms in higher education that includes a target achieving of 50 per cent gross enrollment ratio by 2035.
- The government also announced that there will also be a provision for multiple entry/exit in the system.
- Flexibility of subjects, a topic which has long been debated on, has finally been introduced in the 2020 National Education Policy. This means that students will be able to choose major and minor disciplines regardless of the subject combinations that have existed till now. This is expected to benefit those who are interested in multi-disciplinary courses.
- Another aspect, the government highlighted that the new policy (Graded Autonomy), Academic, Administrative and Financial Autonomy will also be given to colleges depending on their status of accreditation.
- The government is also planning to include Undergraduate programs of three and four years and postgraduate programs of one and two years.
- There will be integrated 5 years courses for bachelors and masters as well. The government also announced the discontinuation of M Phil.
- For school education, the government has decided to include vocational training courses from middle school (class 6) only where students will also be given a chance to intern for around 10 days. Coding will also become a part of the school curriculum.
- Strengthening the technological aspect in studies, e-courses will be introduced in regional languages, virtual labs will be developed and a National Educational Technology Forum (NETF) will also be created.
- College credit transfer and academic bank of credit will also be considered.
- The government has announced that it will be focusing on basic literacy and basic numeracy and there will be major changes in the pedagogical structure of curriculum. This means that there will be no rigid separation among streams.
- For board examination, the policy proposes that there will be objective and subjective papers which will allow the students to be judged on the basis of their learning
New Education Policy 2020 LIVE updates: Here’s how the board exams will change under NEP
One of the key announcements of the new National Education Policy, NEP 2020 has been the break-down of the existing 10+2 structure and introduction of the 5+3+3+4 structure of School Education. The policy aims at transforming circular and pedagogical structure from the existing 10 years + 2 years to a more inclusive foundational to secondary stage transition.
While the actual system would not change, in terms of the years a child spends within the formal education system in the country at school level, the new structure brings into fold the already existing play schools within the ambit of ‘formal education’. The new structure and comparison of the two explained below.
NEP 2020: 10+2 to be replaced by 5+3+3+4 Pedagogical Structure (explained)
To begin with, the actual number of years remain the same and this does not mean additional years. It can be perhaps looked at at play school, nursery or kindergarten classes combined with classes 1 and 2. Here’s a look at the new pedagogical structure proposed in comparison to the existing one.
Today, a student (in most urban cities) enter formal education at the age of 3 by means of play schools. Then he/she moves to a ‘school’ which is a K12 institution – Kindergarten 1 and 2 and 12 years of secondary then higher secondary education. The new structure now proposes dividing the same structure into cognitive developmental stages of the child – early childhood, school years, and secondary stage.
The 5+3+3+4 structure corresponds to the following
- Foundational Stage (5): For ages 3 to 8 years, the foundational stage has been suggested. The multi-level play activity based learning would include 3 years at anganwadi’s, pre-school or as commonly called play schools and the kindergarten classes catering to ages 3 to 6. To this, the grades 1 and 2 or classes 1 and 2 for students of ages 6 to 8 would also be added, keeping the focus on development of language skills and teaching by play based and activity based curriculum.
- Preparatory Stage (3): This is for ages 8 to 11 or classes 3 to 5. The focus would shift to play, discovery and activity based and interaction classroom learning. The focus till this stage would remain on development of language and numeracy skills, in accordance with the cognitive development of a child. Medium of instruction till Grade 5 would be home language or mother tongue or local language. Three languages would be taught to all students – and states would decide which ones.
- Middle Stage (3): Referring to the classes 6 to 8, the new structure aims at transforming the pedagogy from the existing system to a more experiential learning in the sciences, mathematics, arts, social sciences and humanities. Focus would be on critical learning objectives and not on rote learning.
- Secondary Stage (4): This includes classes 9 to 12 or the secondary and the higher secondary as we know them today. The changes suggested at this stage include a multidisciplinary study where students would be able to pick and choose any set of subjects from the available structure. The focus would be on greater critical thinking and flexibility, allowing the child to pick subjects as per their interests – even technical and arts.
New Education Policy 2020 LIVE updates: The Union Cabinet on Wednesday approved the new National Education Policy (NEP) and renamed the HRD Ministry as Education Ministry. Making the announcement, Union Ministers Prakash Javadekar and Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank said there would be a single regulator for all higher education institutions and MPhil would be discontinued.
In a bid to ramp up digital learning, a National Educational Technology Forum (NETF) would be created. “E-courses will be developed in eight regional languages initially and virtual labs will be developed,” Amit Khare, Higher Education Secretary, said.