How to calculate the SGPA,CGPA AND PERCENTAGE IN VTU WITH EXAMPLE
1. The VTU adopts absolute grading system wherein the marks are converted to grades, and every semester results will be declared with semester grade point average (SGPA) and Cumulative
Grade Point Average (CGPA). The CGPA will be calculated every semester, except the first semester.
3.. A student obtaining Grade “F” shall be considered failed and will be required to reappear in the examination. Such students after passing the failed subject in subsequent examination/s will be awarded with “E” grade irrespective of marks he/she scores in the subsequent examination/s.
Number of attempts taken to clear a subject/s shall be shown in the transcripts
Computation of SGPA and CGPA
The following procedure to compute the Semester Grade Point Average (SGPA) and Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA):
i. The SGPA is the ratio of sum of the product of the number of credits with the grade points scored by a student in all the courses taken by a student and the sum of the number of credits of all the courses undergone by a student, i.e
SGPA (Si) = ∑(Ci x Gi) / ∑Ci
where Ci is the number of credits of the ith course and Gi is the grade point scored by the student in the ith course.
ii. The CGPA is also calculated in the same manner taking into account all the courses undergone by a student over all the semesters of a programme, i.e.
CGPA = ∑(Ci x Si) / ∑ Ci
where Si is the SGPA of the ith semester and Ci is the total number of credits in that semester.
iii. The SGPA and CGPA shall be rounded off to 2 decimal places
and reported in the transcripts.
Illustration for Computation of SGPA and CGPA
Transcript (Format): Based on the above recommendations on Letter grades, grade points, SGPA and CGPA, the transcript for each semester and a consolidated transcript indicating the performance in all semesters may be issued.
CONVERSION OF GRADES INTO PERCENTAGE:
Conversion formula for the conversion of GPA into Percentage is
[CGPA Earned – 0.75] x 10= Percentage of marks scored.
Illustration: [CGPA Earned 8.2 – 0.75]x 10 = 74.5%