Career Options after 12th| After PUC Courses

Career Options after 12th

Selecting a good career opportunity after 12th is a nerve-racking task. The career should be of their interest areas and it should also fetch a handsome salary. Students pursue their 12th standard in different streams namely Science, Commerce, and Humanities based on the career fields attract them the most. However, it is imperative to do comprehensive research on career options after 12th available in their domains which align with their interests too. We have listed down various career options available in different streams to pursue a bright start to your career. However, before we go ahead and explore the career opportunities after 12th, we have to make sure that our 12 board results are on par with the stream that we want to pursue. With CBSE 12th results and state boards like UP Board around the corner, students must do thorough research on the courses listed above keeping in mind their interests and scores. Along the mentioned Boards, boards of states like Kerala Board and Rajasthan will also declare the results for 12th in May. One needs to plan and apply for admission in a good college/institute based on 12th board result as in the case of certain fields, your score in Class 12th also determines your eligibility for admission.

Best Careers Options After 12th Science

Careers Eligibility Expected salary (Per annum)
Engineer B.Tech/BE degree Rs. 3 Lakhs to upto 10 Lakhs
Doctor MBBS/BDS/BHMS/BUMS Rs. 5 Lakhs to Rs. 12 Lakhs
Architect B.Arch Rs. 4 Lakhs to 10 Lakhs
Pilot Pilot license

To become a Pilot at the Indian Air Force (IAF), they need to clear the NDA examination.

Rs. 6 Lakhs to 10 Lakhs
Data Scientist from IT or computer science Rs. 3.5 Lakhs to 9 Lakhs
Veterinarian B.V.Sc. & A.H.


Rs. 2.5 Lakhs to 5 Lakhs
Agricultural Scientist masters degree in Agri-Botany/ Agri-Biotechnology/ Agri-Chemistry/ Agri-Economic/ Social forestry. Rs. 5.5 Lakhs to 11 Lakhs
Biomedical Engineer Bachelor’s degree in Biomedical Engineering Rs. 3 Lakhs to 10 Lakhs
Nurse General Nursing & Midwifery course

B.Sc. Nursing

Rs. 3.2 Lakhs to 7.8 Lakhs
Government Jobs Bachelor’s degree in any field. Rs. 3 Lakhs to 7 Lakhs


Best Choice of Course & Career after 12th Science

There are hundreds of courses and thousands of colleges out there, which makes it a challenging task to pick and choose. To help you make the right choice, we have put together extensive details of the most popular undergraduate (UG) level courses on Shiksha among students who have studied Science in 10+2. These details include course syllabus, eligibility, subjects, top specializations in each course, and the list of colleges across India offering that course. You will also find College Reviews & Ratings by students and alumni of those colleges, and Frequently asked Questions and Answers about each course.

Before we look at the details of all the courses available to you, here is a snapshot of the most popular courses among 12th Science students:

List of the most Popular Science Courses after 12th Science 

B.E./B.Tech – 4000+ colleges

MBBS – 600+ colleges

Bachelor of Architecture (BArch) – 500+ colleges

BSc – 4000+ colleges

Bachelor of Computer Applications (BCA) – 2500+ colleges

BSc (IT & Software) – 750+ colleges

Post Basic Nursing – 300+ colleges

Bachelor of Pharmacy (BPharma) – 1300+ colleges

List of Popular Arts courses available to Science students

BA in Humanities & Social Sciences BA in Arts (Fine/Visual/Performing)
Bachelor of Fine Arts (BFA) BDes in Animation
BA LLB BDes in Design
BSc in Hospitality & Travel BSc in Design
Bachelor of Journalism & Mass Communication (BJMC) BHM in Hospitality & Travel
Bachelor of Journalism (BJ) Bachelor of Mass Media (BMM)
BA in Hospitality & Travel BA in Animation
Diploma in Education (DEd)


What To Do After 12th Science?

  1. 1. Medicine

The medical field encompasses everything from diagnostic practice to other related activities undertaken across the healthcare, pharmaceutical, and biotech-based industries. It is arguably one of the most popular courses after 12th science. If you have studied Physics, Chemistry, Biology (PCB) at the 10+2 level, you can think about the following courses:

Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS)

Bachelor of Dental Surgery

Bachelor of Pharmacy

Bachelor of Medical Lab Technology

Veterinary Science & Animal Husbandry (BVSc. AH)

Physiotherapy (BPT) or Occupational Therapy (BOT)

B.Tech/BE in Biotechnology

B.Sc. in Agriculture and Environment Science

B.Sc. Home Science/Forensic Science

Diploma courses in operation theatre technology, medical laboratory, x-ray technology, etc.

If you have a bio-math combination of subjects, various interdisciplinary options open besides basic sciences and its allied fields, including the following:

Biomedical engineering

Healthcare data mining

Cognitive neuroscience and artificial intelligence



Internet of things and smart wearable technology

Those with PCBM students who are not interested in these medical occupations can also go for architecture, computer application, and pilot training, etc.

  1. Engineering

The engineering profession offers a vast range of career options after 12th science. Some of them are listed below:

Mechanical Engineers: They apply principles of physics and mathematics to design, produce, and operate machinery.

Electrical and Electronics Engineers: They are responsible for designing, building, testing, and supervising the manufacture of electrical systems and electronic equipment, such as electric motors, navigation, and communication systems.

Computer Engineers: Their work is concerned with computer programming, software development, mobile, and web applications.

Civil Engineers: They conceive, supervise, and maintain infrastructure projects in the public and private sectors, including buildings, dams, bridges, airports, water supply, and sewage systems.

Chemical Engineers: They design and develop chemical manufacturing processes. These skilled experts solve problems related to production or use of chemicals, drugs, fuel, food, and other products.

Aerospace Engineers: They take on specialized areas of aircraft and spacecraft development.

Marine Engineers: They are in charge of the internal systems of ships, oil rigs, and other overseas structures.

With continued digital transformation, we are also observing a shift in the knowledge-orientation across academia. Today, colleges and universities are offering job-centric courses that allow participants to upskill while gaining industry exposure. These programs are also available in online formats with unique opportunities to undertake projects. Engineering is one of the most popular courses after 12th science.

You can supplement your B.Tech. education with certifications in emerging technologies like data science, artificial intelligence, blockchain, software development, etc. The Advanced Certification in Machine Learning by IIT Madras is a prime example of such qualifications. Some online postgraduate degrees provide dual credentials – for instance, Master of Science in Data Science accredited by IIIT-Bangalore and the Liverpool John Moores University.

According to the global research and advisory firm Gartner, about two million AI-related jobs will be created in the tech industry by 2025. So, the demand for data analysts, systems engineers, cloud engineers, ML specialists, cybersecurity experts, and others will cross into the positive territory in the foreseeable future.

  1. Business

Traditionally, commerce stream jobs revolved around Chartered Accountant, Company Secretary, Chartered Financial Analyst, Actuarial Science, Banking, etc. Although these career choices remain popular to this day, they now have the company of other lucrative professions. We have mentioned a few of them below:

Business management

Product management

Advertising and sales management

Business and data analysis

Digital marketing

Human resource development

Management consultancy

Science graduates can pursue these career paths by combining their technical and conceptual strengths with an understanding of the business world. Leading institutions and industry experts have come together to facilitate this transition via job-oriented courses. Let us take a glance at some of these master’s level credentials.

Online education has many advantages, from lower investment requirements to flexibility in learning. You can complement your undergraduate degree with the above qualifications to attain a competitive advantage in the job market. The academic and practical exposure can also contribute to your overall personality development, helping you to get a promotion and salary raise.

  1. Humanities

Science students can go into diverse careers, even in humanities and the arts. The roles that explore such connections are commonly known as STEAM jobs. Here is a list of some popular trans-disciplinary fields:

Product Designing

Graphic Designing

Fashion Technology


Animation Filmmaking


Video Creation and Editing

Sound Engineering

HR Training, School Teaching, etc.

Another emerging humanities-centric job profile is that of techno-legal advisors and government relations experts. These individuals explain the functionality and uses of innovations like drones, driverless automobiles, robots, 3D printers, etc. and navigate conversations with different stakeholders to implement these technologies.

If you are interested in creative domains, you will have to integrate the arts—humanities, linguistics, visual arts, design thinking, soft skills—to conventional scientific disciplines. Moreover, research suggests that future employers would prefer talent with multiple capabilities that fit together.

List of Courses After 12th Science PCM Stream

If you have completed your 10+2 with the PCM group then you have the following courses and career options-

Engineering (B.Tech/ B.E) Courses in

Aeronautical Engineering

Automobile Engineering

Civil and Structural Engineering

Electronics & Communication Engineering

Industrial Engineering

Information Technology

Instrumentation & Control Engineering

Chemical Engineering

Mining Engineering

Electrical & Electronics Engineering

Marine Engineering

Biomedical Engineering

Biotechnology Engineering

Electronics and Power Engineering

Textile Engineering

Software Engineering

Genetic Engineering

Agricultural Engineering

Print & Media Technology

Artificial Engineering

Nuclear Engineering

Electrical Engineering

Dairy Technology


Internet of things Engineering

Mechanical Engineering


Computer Application

Merchant Navy

Bachelor of Science in Nautical Technology (3 years training at Institute + 1 year at Sea).

Bachelor of Technology in Naval Architecture and Ship Building.

Higher National Diploma (HND) Nautical Science or Marine Engineering (1-year course).

B.Sc – You can opt for B.Sc courses in Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, Biology, Astronomy, Forensic Science, Geology, Agriculture, Information Technology, Statistics, Industrial Chemistry, Fashion Technology, Home Science, Nutrition, Clothing and Textile, Extension and communication, Nautical Science, Human Development and Family Studies, Fashion Design, Environmental Science, etc.

Commercial Pilots

B.Sc in Aviation Sciences


CS Programme

B.Sc Degree

Environmental Science

Hotel Management

Designing Courses

You can join Indian defense services (Army, Navy, and Air Forces) through the NDA exam.

List of Courses After 12th Science PCB Group






BNYS–Naturopathy & Yogic Science

BSMS – Siddha Medicine & Sciences

Veterinary Science & Animal Husbandry (BVSc. AH)

Physiotherapy (BPT)

B.Sc. Occupational Therapists

B.Sc. Nutrition and Dietetics

Integrated M.Sc

B.Sc. – Biotechnology

B.Sc. Bioinformatics

B.Sc Nursing

B.Sc. (Dairy Technology/Nursing/ Radiology/ Prosthetics & Orthotics, Optometry)

B.Sc. Speech and Language Pathology

B.Sc. Anthropology

B.Sc. Radiography

B.Sc. Rehabilitation Therapy

B.Sc. Food Technology

B.Sc Anthropology

B.Sc Microbiology

B.Sc. Horticulture

B.SC Pathology

B.Sc Sports Science

B.Sc Horticulture

B.Sc in Genetics

B.Sc In X-ray technology

B.Sc. Home Science/Forensic Science

Bachelor of Pharmacy

Bachelor in Environmental Science

BMLT (Medical Lab Technology)


BOT (Occupational Therapy)


Paramedical Courses

Bachelor of Physiotherapy

Bachelor of Speech Therapy

Bachelor of Dialysis technology

B.Sc of Anaesthesia

B.Sc. of Optometry

B.Sc in Audiology

List of Diploma Medical Courses after 12th

DOTT (Diploma In Operation Theatre Technology)

Diploma in X-ray Tehnology

Diploma In Medical Imaging and Radiography

Diploma In ECG (Electro Cardio Graph)

Diploma in Dialysis

Diploma Physiotherapy

Dental Hygienist

Anaesthesia Technology

Sanitary Inspector

Diploma in ECG Assistant

Dialysis, MRI, CT Scan Technician

Ophthalmic Technology

Business & Commerce Courses after class 12th Science

B.Com- (3 years)

BA in Hotel Management

BA in Retail Management

B.Sc in Hotel Management

BA in Fashion Merchandising and Marketing

BA in Travel and Tourism Management

Bachelor of Business Economics

Bachelor of International Business and Finance

Management Studies

Bachelor of Business Administration (BBA)

Banking and Insurance (BBI-3 years)

Charted Accountancy (CA)

Company Secretary (CS)

Humanities and Creative Courses after class 12 Science

Physical Education (BPE)

Bachelor of Arts in multiple disciplines

Hotel Management (BA/B.Sc)

Designing Courses (Interior design, product design, etc)

BFA Performing Arts (music/dance)

Mass-media/ Journalism Courses (BA, BMM)

Film/ Television Courses (BA, B.Sc)

Social Work (BSW)

Law (Integrated Masters in Law Course-5 year; LLB- 3years

Diploma Courses after Class 12th Science Stream

Diploma in Nutrition and Dietetics

Diploma in Nursing

Diploma in Textile Designing

Diploma in Computer Engineering

Diploma in web designing

Diploma in Fashion Designing

Diploma in Civil Engineering

Diploma in Information Technology

Diploma in Drawing and Painting

Diploma in Dress Designing

Diploma in Computer Hardware

Diploma in Animation and Multimedia

Diploma (Air Hostess, Crew)

Diploma in Event Management

Diploma in Chemical Engineering

Diploma in Software and Networking

Diploma in Foreign languages


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